...by Daniel Szego
"Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication."
Leonardo da Vinci

Thursday, December 21, 2017

Solidity and Truffle Tips and Tricks -msg.sender vs tx.origin

Ethereum transactions are initiated by a transaction and if there is multiply contracts involved, calling each contract us manifested by a message. So, having a transaction initiated by a user that calls the following contracts A -> B -> C -> D has one huge transaction and several internal messages: between A and B, between B and C, between C and D and between the initiator user and A.

tx.origin is always the user initiated the transaction itself,  msg.sender is the initiator of the message itself. In case of end user and contract A, the two elements are the same, but for example considering contract D, msg.sender is C and tx.origin is the user who initiated the transaction. 

Please note that using msg.sender is regarded as insecure and should be avoided.